When certain conditions interfere with normal thyroid production, surgical removal of the thyroid gland is performed. This is usually done when thyroid cancer has been detected, an otherwise benign thyroid nodule grows so large it causes problems or hyperthyroidism (a disorder in which excess thyroid hormone is produced) does not respond to treatment with medications or radioactive iodine, though this is rare.
Thyroid surgery is known as a thyroidectomy. Two types of procedures are performed: a total thyroidectomy to remove the entire gland and a thyroid lobectomy to remove one lobe of the thyroid.
The effectiveness of any thyroid surgery will depend on the reason for removal. If it is a cancer, most thyroid cancers grow very slowly and many times are treated with surgery and/or radioactive Iodine. There is one rare kind of thyroid cancer which can be aggressive.
Call ENT Specialists of Arizona at (480) 894-5550 for more information or to schedule an appointment.